Presidents Day

Presidents’ Day was on February 18th and commemorated all the past presidents and their actions, good or bad. To look back on all the presidents, I will summarize each one in a sentence.

 

  1. George Washington was the first president of the United States and was a general in the Revolutionary War.
  2. John Adams was a lawyer and a diplomat, and was the first president to live in the White House.
  3. Thomas Jefferson was the main author and creator of the Declaration of Independence and also executed the Louisiana Purchase.
  4. James Madison is known as the “father of the constitution” because he played a major role in creating the document.
  5. James Monroe was the last of the Virginia Dynasty to hold the presidency and helped with westward expansion.
  6. John Quincy Adams only served one term but helped foreign policy by co-creating the Monroe Doctrine.
  7. Andrew Jackson was known as a military hero before office and was also a part of congress for a few years.
  8. Martin Van Buren was Governor of New York, Secretary of State, and Vice President before becoming President.
  9. William Henry Harrison served the shortest term in office, consisting of only 32 days because he died from pneumonia.
  10. John Tyler was the successor to Harrison after he died and helped with the 1845 annexation of Texas.
  11. James K. Polk was the speaker of the House of Representatives and Governor of Tennessee.
  12. Zachary Taylor was a military hero who fought for four decades before the presidency but died in the middle of his term.
  13. Millard Fillmore was the successor of Taylor and he opposed slavery so he helped make the Compromise of 1850.
  14. Franklin Pierce lived through the prosperous years in the White House but was not the best at resolving slavery.
  15. James Buchanan tried to keep the peace between pro-slavery and abolitionist movements, but it did not work and more states ended up seceding from the union.
  16. Abraham Lincoln was the president during the Civil War and fought to abolish slavery.
  17. Andrew Johnson was the first president to get impeached because of his high crimes and misdemeanors.
  18. Ulysses S. Grant fought in the Mexican-American War and in his presidency, he helped make reconstruction happen after the Civil War.
  19. Rutherford B. Hayes served only one term and was Governor of Ohio.
  20. James A. Garfield fought in the Civil War for the Union and became president in his mid-twenties.
  21. Chester A. Arthur was most notable for making the Pendleton Act which gave government jobs to people of merit rather than political affiliation.
  22. Grover Cleveland was the first and only president to serve his terms in non consecutive years.
  23. Benjamin Harrison was legacy to William Harrison and created the Sherman Antitrust Act which would help stop large monopolies.
  24. Grover Cleveland’s second term happened during the Panic of 1893 when an economic meltdown happened.
  25. William McKinley was mainly known for starting the Spanish-American War.
  26. Theodore Roosevelt became president after McKinley’s assassination, helped negotiate the Russo-Japanese War, and started construction on the Panama Canal.
  27. William Taft was the largest president and had to get a personalized bath tub.
  28. Woodrow Wilson was the president in between World War I and tried to stay neutral outside of the war but failed and entered the war in 1941.
  29. Warren G. Harding was president after World War I and promised to make the United States normal again however he died before fixing anything.
  30. Calvin Coolidge was successor to Harding and helped with economic prosperity during the roaring twenties and then left office before economic destruction.
  31. Herbert Hoover was president during the Great Depression and was blamed for it.
  32. Franklin Roosevelt helped the country get out of the Great Depression by using the famous New Deal.
  33. Harry Truman was President during World War II and initiated the atomic bombs but also made many important allies from the war.
  34. Dwight Eisenhower was a respected general in Western Europe during World War II before his presidency.
  35. John F. Kennedy struggled in office with the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the Vietnam War, and then was assassinated.
  36. Lyndon B. Johnson was the successor to Kennedy and was still at war with Vietnam but left a lasting impact with changes in health, education, and civil rights.
  37. Richard Nixon was most famously known for the Watergate Scandal which ended in his resignation.
  38. Gerald Ford was the first unelected president in history because of Nixon’s step down.
  39. Jimmy Carter regained control over the Panama Canal and after his presidency, volunteered his time to help those in need.
  40. Ronald Reagan helped stop the Cold War by making nuclear arms negotiations that helped protect the country.
  41. George H. W. Bush’s main focus was on foreign policy.
  42. Bill Clinton was in the White house during America’s prosperous time with unemployment at an all time low.
  43. George W. Bush was George H. W. Bush’s son and had to deal with the 9/11 attacks on the United States.
  44. Barack Obama was the first African-American man to be elected President of the United States and won a Nobel Peace Prize in 2009.
  45. Donald Trump is the current president and has held the longest government shutdown in history.

 

  Each president has had their ups and downs, but either way, they all have done something to shape this country for the better. I hope you learned something new with these quick summaries about our presidents.

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